Female Genital Mutilation…
Providing an insight into the procedure, prevalence & cultural context Start here
Inajeep. (2010) Purple Orchid (ref. a)
Consequences of FGM
Looking at the physical and psychological impact on women Read more
Nicolas Raymond (2011) Bloody Rose (ref. b)
Supporting Women & Children
Identifying those at risk and providing sensitive midwifery care Read more
Neal Dwire (2007) Red and White Sweetness (ref. c)
Staying Informed
Links to current news, references and educational resources Read more
Davide Guglielmo (2005) Razor blade (ref. d)

"Female genital mutilation… is a deeply rooted traditional practice. However it is a form of violence against girls and women that has serious physical and psychological consequences." 1 WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA (1997)

What is FGM?

The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) define female genital mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons 1... Read more

Why Does It Happen?

Tradition is often described as the most important factor in the continuation of the practice (23, 24). It is an ingrained part of certain societies which has been passed through generations and is done without question 10...
Read more

What Can We Do?

FGM is linked to many adverse health outcomes with varying degrees of severity. Nurses and midwives have a duty of care to girls and women who have already undergone FGM, or are perceived to be at risk in the future 43...
Read more