Motives for the Practice – Cleanliness

Deddeda Stemler (2009) Hands under water tap (license purchased from istockphoto.com)One study has shown that a significant number of participant who were immigrants of Gambian, Ethiopian and Nigerian
origin considered FGM to be a source of cleanliness, making the woman pure and ensuring her hygiene. 11

“Some say that the girl who is not circumcised has a bad odour because she is not clean down there.” 10i

Next motive: Social Pressures

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