Types of FGM

Female genital mutilation has been classified into four types: 2

Normal

The Women’s (2006) Female genital Mutilation Medical Management. Available at: http://www.thewomens.org.au/femalegenitalmutilationfgmclinicalmanagement 3

Type I

The Women’s (2006) Female genital Mutilation Medical Management. Available at: http://www.thewomens.org.au/femalegenitalmutilationfgmclinicalmanagement 3
The partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (clitoridectomy).

 Type II

The Women’s (2006) Female genital Mutilation Medical Management. Available at: http://www.thewomens.org.au/femalegenitalmutilationfgmclinicalmanagement 3
The partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without the excision of the labia majora (excision).

 Type III

The Women’s (2006) Female genital Mutilation Medical Management. Available at: http://www.thewomens.org.au/femalegenitalmutilationfgmclinicalmanagement 3
The most extreme form involving the creation of a covering scar seal by cutting and stitching together the labia minora, and/or labia majora, with or without the excision of the clitoris (infibulation). A very small opening is left for the passage of urine and menstrual blood. 4

Type IV

All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes. This could include pricking, piercing, scraping and cauterizing.