FGM and Childbirth

Evidence suggests that FGM has a significant effect on the morbidity and mortality of childbearing.

In 2006 the WHO undertook a large study across 6 obstetric units in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan, where FGM is highly prevalent. 28,393 pregnant women were examined in the antenatal period and if they had undergone FGM they were classified according to the WHO system. Information on demographic, health and reproductive outcomes were collected and compared to those women without FGM.46

Findings:

Tom Marvin (2008) Pregnancy (license purchased from istock.com)

Women with FGM were significantly more likely to be complicated by:

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There was no significant association between FGM and the risk of having a low-birthweight infant.